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Electric car range explained

Despite huge advancements in battery technology, many people who are considering switching to electric are still concerned about the driving range of electric cars and how far an electric car can go on a single charge. So let’s go on a journey to explore electric car range, how to maximise it and look at the cars with the longest range. 

Route planning flourish

What is electric car range?

Electric car range describes how many miles a car will travel on a full 100% charge. The range of an electric car depends on a number of factors, including the size of the battery, the efficiency of the car, and the driving conditions:


In general, the larger the battery, the longer the range of the car.


The more efficient the car, the further it will go on a single charge. Factors that affect efficiency include the aerodynamics of the car, the weight of the car, and the driving style of the driver.


The range of an electric car can be affected by changes in temperature. in cold weather range can be reduced while in warmer weather, the opposite is true and range can actually increase.


WLTP vs real world range

WLTP stands for Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP). It was introduced in Europe in 2017 to measure the range of a car travelling at an average speed of 28.8 mph in summer temperatures from a 100% to 0% state of charge. 

This figure, like the miles per gallon specs of petrol and diesel vehicles, is achieved under precise test conditions and isn’t necessarily what you’d achieve in real world driving conditions.

Many factors inside and outside an electric car can impact its actual range, such as weight, weather, road conditions, and driving behaviour. Meaning the real-world range will change and will often be lower than the WLTP range. 

How to maximise the range of your electric car

Here are some tips to maximise your electric car range:

  • Drive efficiently: Try to keep your speed constant, avoiding hard acceleration and braking. 
  • Pre-heat or cool your car before driving: This will only work if you pre-condition whilst plugged in and charging. This will help to reduce the amount of energy used when you start driving.
  • Use a rapid charger when possible:  If you do have to stop, use a rapid (or ultra-rapid) charger to quickly top-up your battery to 80%.
  • Drive in Eco mode: Eco mode is designed to maximize the efficiency of your car, giving you more range.
  • Travel light: Try to avoid adding unnecessary weight to the car which will increase drag and reduce efficiency. 
Image of Mercedes Benz EQS electric car

Mercedes-Benz EQS

Boasting the UK’s biggest range up to 452 miles, the Mercedes EQS provides a luxurious ride and state-of-the-art infotainment system for those long journeys. 

Image of Jaguar I-PACE electric car

Jaguar I-Pace

Enjoy up to 292 miles on a full charge in the Jaguar I-Pace luxury SUV. With its comfortable interior and practical boot space, it’s made for weekend adventures.

Image of Lexus UX 300e electric car

Lexus UX 300e

The Lexus electric car with the longest range is the UX 300e, capable of up to 279 miles fully charged. Upgraded in 2023 with a new battery for more range, it also features new multimedia, driving and safety systems. 

Image of BMW iX electric car


The BMW iX luxury crossover SUV was released in 2022. Boasting a range of up to 380 miles, it’s a great choice for those who want a long-range electric car that’s also stylish, practical and spacious. 

Why range is increasing all the time.

Electric cars are capable of driving further than ever. But what is actually driving electric car ranges? 

More efficient motors and batteries.

Innovations in technology are creating ever-efficient motors and smarter battery cells.

Innovating regenerative braking systems.

Regenerative Braking is a technology used in EVs that helps recharge the batteries while driving, maximising range. Energy is put back into the battery when either the brake is applied or the foot is taken off the accelerator. 

Reducing the weight of electric cars.

As batteries get smaller, the overall weight of electric cars is reduced, creating less drag.

Improving the aerodynamics of electric cars.

The more streamlined the car, the bigger the range for the same size battery.

Developing better charging infrastructure.

As charging infrastructure continually develops, especially through the use of rapid chargers, range increases.

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Image of a FORD Mustang MACH-E electric car