Despite huge advancements in battery technology, many people who are considering switching to electric are still concerned about the driving range of electric cars and how far an electric car can go on a single charge. So let’s go on a journey to explore electric car range, how to maximise it and look at the cars with the longest range.
What is electric car range?
Electric car range describes how many miles a car will travel on a full 100% charge. The range of an electric car depends on a number of factors, including the size of the battery, the efficiency of the car, and the driving conditions:
In general, the larger the battery, the longer the range of the car.
The more efficient the car, the further it will go on a single charge. Factors that affect efficiency include the aerodynamics of the car, the weight of the car, and the driving style of the driver.
The range of an electric car can be affected by changes in temperature. in cold weather range can be reduced while in warmer weather, the opposite is true and range can actually increase.
WLTP vs real world range
WLTP stands for Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP). It was introduced in Europe in 2017 to measure the range of a car travelling at an average speed of 28.8 mph in summer temperatures from a 100% to 0% state of charge.
This figure, like the miles per gallon specs of petrol and diesel vehicles, is achieved under precise test conditions and isn’t necessarily what you’d achieve in real world driving conditions.
Many factors inside and outside an electric car can impact its actual range, such as weight, weather, road conditions, and driving behaviour. Meaning the real-world range will change and will often be lower than the WLTP range.
How to maximise the range of your electric car
Here are some tips to maximise your electric car range:
- Drive efficiently: Try to keep your speed constant, avoiding hard acceleration and braking.
- Pre-heat or cool your car before driving: This will only work if you pre-condition whilst plugged in and charging. This will help to reduce the amount of energy used when you start driving.
- Use a rapid charger when possible: If you do have to stop, use a rapid (or ultra-rapid) charger to quickly top-up your battery to 80%.
- Drive in Eco mode: Eco mode is designed to maximize the efficiency of your car, giving you more range.
- Travel light: Try to avoid adding unnecessary weight to the car which will increase drag and reduce efficiency.
Which models have the longest electric car ranges?
As battery technology has advanced, many electric cars will now travel between 200-300 miles, while the leading compact cars are now capable of achieving 150 miles plus. But if you use your car for business, have a long commute or like to take weekend road trips, you’ll want to know which models have the longest electric car ranges. So, let’s look at some of the options.